Understanding the UK Government’s New Guidance on Damp and Mould: What It Means for Tenants and Landlords
By Lauren Amphlett

Understanding the UK Government’s New Guidance on Damp and Mould: What It Means for Tenants and Landlords


The UK Government has recently published a comprehensive guidance document aimed at addressing the health risks associated with damp and mould in rented homes. This guidance comes as a direct response to the tragic death of 2-year-old Awaab Ishak in 2020, who lost his life due to mould exposure in his family home. The document is a crucial step in ensuring that landlords understand their responsibilities and that tenants are protected from the health risks associated with damp and mould.

The Tragic Catalyst: Awaab Ishak

The guidance was formulated in the wake of the tragic death of Awaab Ishak, a 2-year-old who died due to mould exposure in his family home. The Coroner’s report highlighted a series of failures by the housing provider, leading to this avoidable tragedy. The guidance aims to prevent such incidents from happening again by educating landlords about their legal responsibilities and the serious health risks that damp and mould pose.

Key Messages from the Guidance

Health Risks

The guidance emphasises that damp and mould primarily affect the respiratory system but can also have detrimental effects on mental health. Vulnerable groups, such as children, older adults, and people with pre-existing health conditions, are at greater risk.

Landlord Responsibilities

Landlords are urged to respond sensitively and urgently to reports of damp and mould. They are required to tackle the underlying issues promptly without waiting for medical evidence. The guidance also stresses that tenants should not be blamed for the conditions leading to damp and mould.

Proactive Approach

The guidance encourages landlords to adopt a proactive approach to identifying and tackling damp and mould. This includes having clear processes in place, understanding the condition of their homes, and building relationships with health and social care professionals.

Legal Changes and Future Plans

The government plans to introduce several legislative changes to improve housing standards:

  • ‘Awaab’s Law’: New requirements for landlords to address hazards like damp and mould.
  • New powers for the Housing Ombudsman.
  • Review of the Decent Homes Standard.
  • Introduction of new professionalisation standards for housing staff.

The Significance of the Guidance

For Landlords

The guidance serves as a comprehensive manual for landlords, outlining their legal responsibilities and offering best practices. Failure to adhere to these guidelines could result in legal repercussions.

For Tenants

A Commitment to Health and Well-Being

One of the most significant aspects of the new government guidance is the assurance it provides to tenants. For many renters, particularly those in social housing or in older properties, damp and mould can be persistent issues that are often ignored or inadequately addressed by landlords. The guidance makes it clear that such negligence is not only unacceptable but also illegal. By outlining the health risks associated with damp and mould, from respiratory issues to mental health impacts, the guidance underscores the government’s commitment to the health and well-being of tenants.

Empowering Tenants

The guidance serves as an empowering tool for tenants. It provides them with the information they need to understand what constitutes a safe and habitable living environment. This knowledge is crucial when it comes to holding landlords accountable for the conditions of the property. Tenants can now point to a government document that clearly outlines the responsibilities of landlords, thereby strengthening their position in any disputes over property conditions.

A Resource for Legal Recourse

The guidance is not just a set of recommendations; it is tied to legal standards and forthcoming legislation. This means that tenants have a stronger legal footing if they need to take action against a landlord who is failing to maintain a property to the required standard. For example, the introduction of ‘Awaab’s Law’ will set out new requirements for landlords to address hazards like damp and mould, providing tenants with a specific legal framework to refer to in case of disputes.

Encouraging Proactive Reporting

The guidance also encourages tenants to report issues of damp and mould without fear of blame or repercussions. It explicitly states that damp and mould are not the result of ‘lifestyle choices’ and that landlords are responsible for identifying and addressing the underlying causes. This is particularly important for tenants who may have been hesitant to report issues in the past due to fear of eviction or other forms of retaliation.

Mental Health Benefits

By addressing the issue of damp and mould, the guidance also indirectly contributes to the mental well-being of tenants. Living in a damp or mouldy home can be a significant source of stress, exacerbating existing mental health issues or contributing to new ones. Knowing that there are guidelines in place to ensure that landlords take these issues seriously can provide tenants with peace of mind.

For Healthcare Providers

Healthcare providers can also benefit from this guidance as it provides valuable information on the health risks associated with damp and mould, aiding in diagnosis and treatment.

Potential Impacts

  1. Improved Housing Standards: The guidance is expected to raise the bar for housing standards across the UK.
  2. Better Tenant-Landlord Relations: The clarity provided by the guidance could lead to improved relationships between tenants and landlords.
  3. Legal Accountability: Landlords are now more accountable, legally, for providing safe and habitable living conditions.
  4. Public Awareness: The guidance could lead to increased public awareness about the health risks associated with damp and mould.

The UK Government’s new guidance on damp and mould is a significant step forward in ensuring safer and healthier living conditions in rented homes. It serves as a vital resource for landlords, tenants, and healthcare providers alike. While it is too early to measure the full impact of this guidance, it holds the promise of instigating positive changes in the UK’s housing sector.

You can access a full copy of the guidance via the link below: