Drug Induced Photosensitivity

Chii chinonzi drug-induced photosensitivity?

 

Photosensitivity ndiko kusajairika kana kukwidziridzwa kuita kweganda kana rakafumurwa nemwaranzi yeultraviolet (UV) kubva kuzuva. Izvi zvinoita kuti ganda rinenge rapiswa nezuva risina dziviriro ritsva, uye izvi zvinogona kuwedzera njodzi yekubatwa negomarara reganda.

Kune huwandu hwehuwandu kurapwa kwemamiriro se lupus, psoriasis uye rosacea iyo inogona kuwedzera kunzwa kwemunhu kune ultraviolet chiedza. Rondedzero yakazara yemamiriro anozivikanwa anogona kuwanikwa pano.

Zvinodhaka-induced photosensitivity ndiyo inonyanya kuzivikanwa mhando yeganda-ine chekuita neadverse drug reaction uye inogona kuitika semhedzisiro yemishonga yemusoro uye yekunwa. Zvinoitika kana chimwe chikamu chemushonga chasangana nemwaranzi yeUV panguva yekuve nezuva, zvichiita kuti phototoxic iite senge kutsva nezuva, kunoonekwa nekuzvimba, kutsvuka, kutsvuka kwakanyanya uye panguva yakaipisisa, mablister uye kubuda.

Mifananidzo iri pazasi inoratidza kuita kuchiedza chezuva uri pa voriconazole. Murwere akapa iyi mifananidzo aive nekushomeka kuratidzwa uye aive akapfeka factor 50 suncream patsoka dzavo.  

Tsoka ichitaridza kutumbuka kuchigunwe chikuru chekurudyi.

Zuva 1 Kuita kweganda kuchiedza chezuva uri pavoriconazole

Tsoka ichitaridza kutumbuka kuchigunwe chikuru chekurudyi.

Day 2

Tsoka ichitaridza kutumbuka kuchigunwe chetatu cheruboshwe.

1 Svondo

Tsoka dzekuruboshwe nedzekurudyi dzichiratidza kutumbuka kuchigunwe chikuru chekurudyi nechigunwe chechitatu cheruboshwe.

1 mwedzi

 

Varwere vanotora mishonga yemishonga, kunyanya, Voriconazole uye Itraconazole (iyo yekare inonyanya kuzivikanwa nokuda kwekukonzera maitiro), vanowanzoziva nezvekuwedzera kwengozi dze photosensitivity; zvisinei, iyi handiyo chete mishonga inogona kuunza mhinduro isina kujairika kune UV kuratidzwa. Mimwe mishonga inonzi inokonzera photosensitivity ndeiyi:

  • NSAIDs (Ibuprofen (yemuromo uye yepamusoro), naproxen, aspirin)
  • Mushonga wemwoyo (furosemide, ramipril, amlodipine, nifedipine, amiodarone, clopidogrel - zvishomanana)
  • Statins (simvastatin)
  • Psychotropic zvinodhaka (olanzapine, clozapine, fluoxetine, citalopram, sertraline - zvishomanana)
  • Mishonga inorwisa mabhakitiriya (ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, doxycycline)

Izvo zvakakosha kuti uzive kuti runyorwa rwuri pamusoro haruna kuperera, uye zvinoshumwa maitiro anosiyana kubva pane zvisingawanzo kusvika kune zvinowanzoitika. Kana iwe uchifunga kuti mushonga usiri wako antifungal uri kukonzera kuita kune zuva, taura nemushonga wako wemishonga kana GP.

Nzira yekuzvidzivirira nayo

Muzviitiko zvakawanda, varwere havagoni kurega kutora mishonga inogona kutungamirira kune photosensitivity. Kugara kunze kwezuva hakugoneki nguva dzose - hupenyu hwehupenyu nguva dzose chinhu chakakosha chekufungisisa; saka, kutarisirwa kwakanyanya kunofanira kutorwa kuchengetedza ganda ravo vari kunze.

Kune marudzi maviri ekudzivirira:

  • mushonga
  • chisimba

Kemikari kudzivirira iri muchimiro che sunscreen uye sunblock. Zvisinei, zvakakosha kuyeuka kuti sunscreen uye sunblock hazvina kufanana. Sunscreen ndiyo inonyanya kuzivikanwa mhando yekudzivirira kwezuva, uye inoshanda nekusefa ezuva UV maranzi, asi mamwe achiri kupfuura. Sunblock inoratidzira mwaranzi kubva paganda uye inodzivirira kuti isapinda mairi. Paunenge uchitenga sunscreen, tsvaga sun protection factor (SPF) ye30 kana kupfuura kudzivirira UVB uye dai wango chiyero cheUVA chekudzivirira che 4 nyeredzi.

Kudzivirirwa mumuviri 

  • NHS kutungamira kunopa zano kugara mumumvuri kana zuva rakasimba, iro muUK riri pakati pe11am na3pm kubva Kurume kusvika Gumiguru.
  • Shandisa sunshade kana amburera
  • Ngowani ine brimmed yakafara inopenya kumeso, mutsipa nenzeve
  • Matop emaoko marefu, tirauzi nemasiketi akagadzirwa nemachira ari pedyo-weave anomisa chiedza chezuva kupinda.
  • Magirazi ezuva ane malenzi ekuputira uye maoko akafara anoenderana neBritish Standard
  • UV zvipfeko zvinodzivirira

 

Links kune rumwe ruzivo

NHS

British Skin Foundation

Skin Cancer Foundation

 

 

Yakagadziridzwa Kuwedzeredzwa muna Zvita 6, 2022 na arun

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