Kukosha kwekuona gomarara nekukurumidza

 

Chinangwa chedu paNational Aspergillosis Center ndechekusimudzira ruzivo uye kutsigira avo vane aspergillosis. Zvakadaro, zvakakosha sesangano reNHS kuti tizivise nezvemamwe mamiriro nekuti, zvinosuruvarisa, kuongororwa kweaspergillosis hakuite kuti usabatike kune zvimwe zvese, uye chirwere chisingaperi chine mukana wekuvharisa zviratidzo zvemamwe mamiriro akaita segomarara.

Kudzvanyirira kuri kuramba kuchikura paNHS, kuwedzera nguva dzekumirira, kusada kuri kukura pakati pevazhinji kutsvaga kurapwa, uye kusanzwisisa zviratidzo zvinowanzoitika zvekenza zhinji zvese zvinhu zvinogona kutungamira mukuwedzerwa nguva yekuongorora, izvo zvinozoita. inoderedza nzira dzokurapa. Naizvozvo, kuzivikanwa kwekutanga kwezviratidzo nevarwere kwakakosha mukuderedza zvimwe zvinhu zvinononoka kuongororwa.

Izvo zvakakosha kuti uzive kuti hazvisi zvese zviratidzo zvealarm cancer. Zvakadaro, chiitiko chegomarara uye fungidziro yekufa inofungidzira kuti munhu mumwe muvaviri muUK achaonekwa aine cancer muhupenyu hwavo (1), saka svondo rapfuura pamusangano wedu wepamwedzi wevarwere, takataura nezvegomarara uye zviratidzo zvinowanzoitika. Tichifemerwa nebasa rinoshamisa remushakabvu Dame Deborah James pakusimudzira uye kuputsa taboo yakabatanidzwa negomarara remudumbu, isu takanyora zviri kubva muhurukuro iyoyo kuita chinyorwa chimwe.

Cancer chii?

Gomarara rinotangira mumasero edu.

Kazhinji, tine nhamba chaiyo yemhando yega yega yesero. Izvi zvinodaro nekuti masero anoburitsa masaini ekudzora kuti masero anopatsanuka sei uye kangani.

Kana chimwe chezviratidzo izvi chikatadza kana kushaikwa, maseru anogona kutanga kukura owanda oita bundu rinonzi bundu.

 

Cancer Research UK, 2022

Cancer Statistics

  • Maminitsi maviri ega ega, mumwe munhu muUK anobatwa cancer.
  • Gomarara rezamu, reprostate, remapapu nemudumbu pamwe chete rakaverengera inopfuura hafu (53%) yekese nyowani nyowani dzegomarara muUK muna 2016-2018.
  • Hafu (50%) yevanhu vakabatwa nekenza muEngland neWales vanopona chirwere chavo kwemakore gumi kana kupfuura (2010-11).
  • Kenza ndiyo honzeri ye27-28% yerufu rwese muEngland mugore rakajairika.

 

Vanamazvikokota vanotenda magomarara emudumbu - epahuro, emudumbu, emudumbu, pancreatic, ovarian - negomarara reurological - prostate, itsvo uye dundira - ndiwo angangoita kusazivikanwa.

 

Iyo chati iri pamusoro inoratidza kuongororwa kwegomarara nedanho kune mamwe cancer muna 2019 (iyo yakanyanya data data). Danho regomarara rinoenderana nekukura kwebundu uye kuti rapararira zvakadii. Kuongororwa pane imwe nguva kunoenderana nekupona kwakaderera.

Gomarara rezamu – Zviratidzo

 

  • Bundu kana kuti kukora muzamu kwakasiyana nemamwe mazamu
  • Kuramba kurwadza kwezamu mune chimwe chikamu chezamu kana muhapwa
  • Rimwe zamu rinova hombe kana kudzika/kukwira pane rimwe zamu
  • Shanduko dzezamu - kutendeukira mukati kana kuchinja chimiro kana nzvimbo
  • Kukwenya kana kuti dimpling kusvika pazamu
  • Kuzvimba pasi pehapwa kana kutenderedza collarbone
  • Mapundu pabeche kana kutenderedza zamu
  • Kubuda muzamu rimwe chete kana maviri

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.breastcanceruk.org.uk/

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/breast-cancer

 

Gomarara reitsvo - Zviratidzo

 

  • Ropa mumuguta
  • Kurwadziwa kwepashure kune rumwe rutivi kwete kuburikidza nekukuvara
  • Bundu padivi kana kuzasi musana
  • Kuneta
  • Kufirwa kwechido
  • Unexplained kuora kurasikirwa
  • Fivha isingakonzerwi neutachiona uye haipere

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/kidney-cancer/symptoms/

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/kidney-cancer/symptoms

Kanza yemaperembudzi

Zviratidzo zvekenza yemapapu zvinogona kunyanya kuoma kusiyanisa kune varwere vane aspergillosis. Zvakakosha kuzivisa chero zviratidzo zvitsva, sekuchinja kwechikosoro chenguva refu, kupera uremu uye kurwadziwa muchipfuva kuna Chiremba wezvirwere zvese kana kuna chipangamazano.

zviratidzo

  • Chikosoro chinoramba chichipera mushure memavhiki maviri/2
  • Kuchinja kwekukosora kwako kwenguva refu
  • Kuwedzera uye kuramba kufema
  • Kukosora ropa
  • Kurwadza kana kurwadziwa muchipfuva kana pabendekete
  • Chirwere chechipfuva chinodzokororwa kana chinoramba chiripo
  • Kufirwa kwechido
  • Kuneta
  • Kuonda
  • Hoarsness

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/lung-cancer

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer

 

Ovarian Cancer - Zviratidzo

 

  • Kuramba vachizvimba
  • Kunzwa kuguta nekukurumidza
  • Kufirwa kwechido
  • Shanduko mune maitiro ebura
  • Unexplained kuora kurasikirwa
  • Pelvic kana mudumbu kurwadziwa
  • Kuda kuchema kakawanda
  • Kuneta

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://ovarian.org.uk

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ovarian-cancer/

 

Pancreatic Cancer

Zvimwe zvezviratidzo zvegomarara repancreatic zvinogona kunyatsofanana neaya emarara senge anogumbuka ura. Ona yako Chiremba wezvirwere zvese kana zviratidzo zvako zvikachinja, zvotowedzera, kana kuti usinganzwi zvakanaka kwauri.

zviratidzo

  • Yellow kune vachena vemaziso ako kana ganda (jaundice)
  • Ganda rinokwenya, kusviba uye poo yakatsvuka kupfuura nguva dzose
  • Kufirwa kwechido
  • Kuneta
  • chimhepo

Zvimwe zviratidzo zvinogona kukanganisa kugaya kwako, zvakadai se:

  • Nausea uye kurutsa
  • Shanduko mune maitiro ebura
  • Mudumbu uye / kana kurwadziwa shure
  • fufune
  • Bloating

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pancreatic-cancer

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/pancreatic-cancer

https://www.pancreaticcancer.org.uk/

 

Prostate Cancer - Zviratidzo

 

  • Kuita weti kakawanda, kazhinji panguva yehusiku (nocturia)
  • Kuwedzera kukurumidza kuita weti
  • Urine hesitancy (kunetseka kutanga kuita weti)
  • Kutadza kubuda weti
  • Kuyerera kusina simba
  • Kunzwa kuti dundira rako harina kubuda zvizere
  • Ropa muweti kana urume

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/prostate-cancer

https://prostatecanceruk.org/

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/prostate-cancer

 

Kenza Kanzera

Varwere vari pamushonga weantifungal vari panjodzi yakawedzera yekuva negomarara reganda, saka zvakakosha kuti unzwisise zviratidzo uye utore matanho akakwana ekuzvidzivirira nezuva kuti uderedze njodzi.

zviratidzo

Kune marudzi matatu makuru egomarara reganda:

  • Yakakomba Melanoma
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

Muchidimbu, zviratidzo (zvinoratidzwa mumufananidzo uri pasi apa):

Bcc

  • Yakati sandarara, yakasimudzwa kana kuti dome-shapa
  • Pearly kana ganda-ruvara

CSC

  • Yakasimudzwa, yakakora kana makwapa
  • Dzimwe nguva maronda

Melanoma

  • Mole isina kujairika ine asymmetrical, irregular uye ine mavara akawanda

 

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/skin-cancer

https://www.macmillan.org.uk/cancer-information-and-support/skin-cancer/signs-and-symptoms-of-skin-cancer

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/melanoma-skin-cancer/

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/non-melanoma-skin-cancer/

 

Throat Kenza

Gomarara repahuro ishoko rakajairika rinoreva gomarara rinotangira pahuro, zvisinei, Vanachiremba havawanzo kuishandisa. Izvi zvinodaro nekuti kune marudzi akasiyana egomarara anogona kukanganisa nzvimbo yehuro.

Mamwe mashoko anogona kuwanikwa pano: https://www.macmillan.org.uk/cancer-information-and-support/head-and-neck-cancer/throat-cancer

Zviratidzo zvakazara

  • Huro inorwadza
  • Nzeve kurwadziwa
  • Bundu mumutsipa
  • Dambudziko kukumedza
  • Shandura inzwi rako
  • Unexplained kuora kurasikirwa
  • Kukosora
  • Kupfupika kwemhepo
  • Kunzwa kwechinhu chakanamira pahuro

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/head-neck-cancer/throat#:~:text=Throat%20cancer%20is%20a%20general,something%20stuck%20in%20the%20throat.

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/head-and-neck-cancer/

https://www.christie.nhs.uk/patients-and-visitors/services/head-and-neck-team/what-is-head-and-neck-cancer/throat-cancer

Gomarara redundiro - Zviratidzo

 

  • Kuwedzera urination
  • Kukasika kuita weti
  • Kunzwa kupisa paunenge uchibudisa weti
  • Uturu hwepelvic
  • Flank kurwadziwa
  • Zvinorwadza mumimba
  • Unexplained kuora kurasikirwa
  • Gumbo kuzvimba

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/bladder-cancer/

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bladder-cancer

 

Bowel Cancer - Zviratidzo

 

  • Kubuda ropa kubva pasi uye/kana ropa mupoo
  • Kuchinja kunoramba kuripo uye kusingatsananguriki muuura
  • Unexplained kuora kurasikirwa
  • Kuneta
  • Marwadzo kana bundu mudumbu

Kuti uwane mamwe mashoko shanyira:

https://www.bowelcanceruk.org.uk/about-bowel-cancer/

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bowel-cancer

 

 

 

(1)Smitenaar CR, Petersen KA, Stewart K, Moitt N. Cancer chiitiko uye kufa kwekufungidzira muUK kusvika 2035. Br J Cancer 2016 Oct 25; 115 (9): 1147-1155

Yakagadziridzwa Kuwedzeredzwa muna Zvita 6, 2022 na arun

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